Nepal is undoubtedly wealthy in architecture. we have our own precise architectural identity. Nepal is blessed with an stunning array of historic temples and palaces, and countless complicated woodcarvings and stone sculptures.
The Kathmandu Valley, which become already referred to as “Nepal” centuries before the emergence of the modern kingdom. Kathmandu’s cultural identification in the main constitutes various dimensions of Newari tradition. Newars, who reportedly came to Kathmandu Valley within the thirteenth century, are taken into consideration the ‘authentic inhabitants’ of the capital town.
Newari architecture, offers precise expression to the vibrant cultural and artistic barriers in Nepalese structure. The conventional Newari residence is an critical aspect of cultural historical past of Nepal.normally rectangular and narrow homes, fabricated from uncovered brick with intricately carved latticed home windows, capped with tiled pitched roof.
The traditional Newari residence are constructed both in quadrangular or square style forming courtyard leaning one with some other going through in the direction of the road. This constructing type bureaucracy part of an urban block of adjacent homes, arranged both in rows or in rectangular or square blocks with an internal courtyard.
The façade are usually made symmetrical to a primary axis with the central door at floor ground. The doorways are frequently carved with distinct motifs, however narrow and lower approximately 5 ft peak. Usually there are two entrances on the ground floor one on the principle street and one at the inner courtyard, or again street.
The arrangement of the house is usually vertical, over three storeys, with a backbone wall running via the peak, growing back and front rooms. The intensity of the plan is normally approximately six metres with façades of numerous widths but most commonly among 4 to eight metres . The usual storey top in such homes is 2.3 to two.five meters.
Each floor have their specific name and feature.
Chheli : Ground floor Chheli is used as a storage of agricultural implements, farm product and extensively utilized it as their occupational workshops.
Matan : First floor Matan is used as a bedroom, sitting room, and treasure room.
Chvata : Second floor used as pooja room.
Baiga : Third floor used as a kitchen and dinning.
The roofs in traditional Newari house are slopped down on two aspects approximately 30 to 40 degree at front and the rear elevation and projected at each aspect for approximately 2.5 to three feet. Roofing tile is also called aypa. The conventional tiled roof is made with the combination of wooden and thick layer of clay. The complete roofs supported via number of load bearing timber columns referred to as baigathan or malathan.
In this traditional homes, wood nails or peg or wedgesare used to connect or joint distinctive elements of the wooden shape.
The essential function of the Traditional Newari Architecture buildings is the San Jhya window, a richly embellished window that takes most of the façade at the 0.33 story level, with seating framed within it.
In cases of building with shops or workshop, at floor ground the facade is absolutely open and the masonry is changed through a wood body referred to as dalan. The dalan normally takes maximum of the width of the building with only small masonry piers of about two hundred mm width restraining it laterally and connecting it to the rest of the masonry container.
Openings vary in length depending at the duration of construction. The older buildings have normally smaller squared home windows with lintels extending properly into the encircling masonry.
Brick is one of the essential creation materials used good sized in architectural shape in Kathmandu from the historic time. In traditional used clay to enroll in brick or stone mason either for partitions and roofing.
The architecture become flawlessly proportioned to their wishes. it basked in the solar in those open courtyards and breathed the air that exceeded through the ones slim alleys.
The splendor lies now not only in the wooden and bricks used, and in their percentage, alternatively the real beauty lies with the time it was built in for the kind of life it was built for. Every element bear cultural significances connected with their cloth and non secular lifestyles, From materialistic aspect, human consolation, protection and protection.